DEFINITION


Smart Transportation Systems are systems that consists of monitoring, measuring, analyzing and controlling activities with a multi-way data exchange between user-vehicle-infrastructure-center developed for the purposes such as reduction of travel time, increase of traffic safety, optimum use of existing road capacities, increase of mobility, contribution to country economy by providing energy efficiency and reduction of damage to environment.

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MOTIVATIONS


  • Low CO2 emissions
  • Reduced traffic accident
  • Decreasing transportation time
  • Decreased traffic congestion
  • Elimination of infrastructure problems
  • Development of environmentally sensitive systems
  • Increase in the direction of public transport
  • Improved traffic flow and security
  • Improving people’s quality of life
  • The use of roads in accordance with the capacity
  • Providing versatile data exchange between human-vehicle-infrastructure-center
  • Establishing the infrastructure for increasing mobility
  • Improving driver safety and accident management
  • Priority to vehicles with transit superiority
  • Determination of traffic intensity
  • Data integration between different systems

APPLICATIONS


  • Electric Vehicles / Buses

Vehicles or buses that are driven by an electric motor. Electricity MD9 model electric buses in Gaziantep, Turkey’s first smart park began its voyage in Tables Park.

  • Hybrid Vehicles

They are vehicles that automatically control the interaction between the petrol and the electric motor, the standard automatic transmission and the quiet and smooth driving.

  • Park Assistant

Park assistant is an independent system that helps the driver to park or leave the parking area by detecting objects and obstacles behind the vehicle with the help of ultrasonic sensors. There are also self-parking versions.

  • Smart Vehicle Highway Systems

It is a system of technological and scientific principles aimed at increasing the capacity of the existing transportation infrastructure, securing the safety and efficiency of the motorways. The Federal Highway Administration system, implemented in the United States, is an example of smart vehicle highway systems.

  • Parking Dynamic Price

It is a system that enables dynamic update of parking costs, traffic congestion and prices according to certain hours during the day.

  • Parking Lot Detection

It is a system which provides the number of suitable places and display of places by counting in parking areas. Parking Control and Empty Location Systems are examples of these systems.

  • Parking Management and Routing System

Parking is a system that integrates all aspects of charging, tracking, vacant information and routing.

  • Online Parking Reservation System

They are online systems that enable you to pay for parking in an agreed parking lot and get directions to a parking place.

  • Density Sensor Sensors

Sensors placed on roads and measuring traffic intensity and transferring that information to management systems. In Bursa, it is aimed to prevent unnecessary red or green light from being illuminated with the density sensor system installed on the road.

  • Intelligent Solution Center

It is a system that processes information from sensors and automatically routes traffic according to this information. If the density is higher on either side, it is ensured that more passes are allowed on that side. With this system applied in Bursa, it is aimed to avoid traffic congestion due to the longer duration of green light on the route where traffic is intense.

  • Real-Time and Dynamic Junction Management Systems

Called the dynamic intersection control system, the system reduces the waiting time of the vehicles by optimizing the light durations depending on the number of vehicles at the intersections. At signal intersections, the intersection is integrated into the control devices, allowing automatic determination of green light durations.

  • Intercity and High Speed Transportation

They are fast train applications. Ankara-Konya, Ankara-Eskisehir-Istanbul high-speed train lines can be given as an example.

  • Personalized Transportation Information

Technology and data are used for real-time and fully personalized transport directions. They combine time schedules and data about public transport to find the best way to travel. Speech-sensitive applications provide information about the best time to start walking to the user by calculating the distance and walking time to the train, bus or subway station. If the user does not define the route, real-time navigation guidance is provided through the application. The ATUS Smart Public Transportation System implemented in Konya is an example of this application.

  • Journey Planning

It is a system in which a starting and destination point is selected and all transportation modes are scanned and options covering all alternatives are provided. Route analysis provided by the General Directorate of Highways exemplifies the travel planning system.

  • Traffic Blockage Based Charging

In order to solve the problem of traffic in the city, it is the policy of paying more fees for the drivers who want to drive in the regions where the traffic is intense. This is the case of taxing congestion to prevent traffic related to vehicle usage in Singapore.

  • Traffic Light Prioritization

Emergency vehicles and public buses are provided with a smart traffic prioritization system so that they can arrive on time, on time, without delay. The system does this by ensuring that traffic lights stay green for priority vehicles. At the same time, the emission of carbon dioxide is reduced by opening your traffic to a more regular state. Emergency vehicles and public buses in Böblingen, Germany, are prioritized with the Satellite Based Prioritization System.

  • Intelligent Mass Transit Routing System

From the center of the operation, it is possible to inform the driver of the position of the vehicle, live vehicle and road monitoring with the cameras, control of the line vehicle assignment, remotely defining or changing the route in the buses, informing the driver through the screen in front of the chauffeur, sending reinforcement support to the remaining vehicles on the road, functions such as remote access to technical information, informing passengers with vehicle announcement systems, and transmitting information about disabled people to mobile devices can be realized through these systems.

  • Traffic Measurement System

Determination of vehicle density in the desired region, statistical extraction, vehicle counting processes such as fully automatic.

  • Traffic Infringement Systems

Within the scope of Electronic Auditing Systems, it is a system that enables detection of violations such as average speed, red light violation detection and guiding of sentences. The average speed radars on the highway are examples of these systems.

  • Flattened Area

It is reserved for pedestrian use which is completely closed to the entrance of the vehicle. Istanbul historical peninsula pedestrianization project is an example of spring land application.

  • Variable Message System

It is the variable management of the message boards located on the road. An example of a forwarding message board in a city constituency can be given.

  • Talking Pedestrian Button for Disabilities

It is the customization of the pedestrian buttons in the traffic lights to be audible for obstacles.

·         Integrated Traffic Management

With Traffic Management Centers, all existing systems, sub-systems and sensors (dynamic intersection control systems, smart attendance control systems, variable message signs, signalizers, CO2 / temperature / bluetooth sensors) in the traffic network can be remotely controlled and controlled. The Universal Traffic Management System implemented in Japan is one of the examples of Integrated Tarfik Management Systems.

·         Vehicle Sharing

systems based on the search of the appropriate vehicles to go to the same location from online systems, communication, online or travel while sharing the vehicle with payment options.

·         Bicycle Sharing

It is a system where common bicycles are positioned in the city, locked in stations, real-time data flow (station occupancy rate etc.) followed by the first 30 minutes free of charge. Kayseri bicycle sharing system, KAYBİS, for example.

·         Multimodal Public Transport

For example, it is a platform that seamlessly integrates different modes of transport such as rail, road, bicycle and pedestrian. It may also include passenger transit. The whole journey is seen as an integrated system, not a process consisting of individual steps. All kinds of vehicles create a transportation environment that can connect with each other, infrastructure and devices.

CHALLENGES


  • Inadequacy of legislation
  • Rapid development of technology
  • High investment costs
  • Difficulties in compatibility, integration and interoperability
  • Challenges of physical conditions
  • Infrastructural constraints