DEFINITION


Smart Environment is the sustainability of the environment and nature with ICT support and the ability to control green spaces and water resources. Renewable energy includes sustainable resource management, smart energy networks, micro networks, smart meters, advanced air pollution monitoring systems, green buildings, green city planning, energy efficient smart street lighting, solid waste management, smart water management and drainage systems.

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MOTIVATIONS


  • Ensuring efficient use of natural resources
  • Lowering operating and investment costs
  • Conscious planning to reduce costs
  • Reduce risks to human health and environmental pollution
  • Reduction of natural resource utilization through recycling
  • Supporting the changing production and consumption models of renewable and sustainable electrical systems
  • Increasing energy reliability by integrating distributed energy sources
  • Minimize waste on the trash fields
  • Provision of life and property safety
  • Informing users in real time

APPLICATIONS


  • Leakage Inspection in Pipes with Sensor Network and SCADA

The distribution network is equipped with sensors to provide real-time data in terms of pressure, flow and quality to ensure leakage control.  The Sakarya SCADA System is an example.

  • Pollution Control of Surface Waters with Sensor Network

The quality of the surface water is measured in real time through the sensors and pollution is controlled.

  • Advanced Flood Alert

The estimation of possible flood zones and times by combining meteorological data with geographical data in cities that are under flood hazard due to excessive rainfall or storm.  Edirne Uzunköprü Advanced Flood Early Warning System can be given as an example.

  • Predictive Water Infrastructure Maintenance Planning with SCADA and Sensor Network

Maintenance planning of water infrastructures, that are expensive to maintain, using sensors and the data obtained from the sensors. Kocaeli İKABİS (Drinking Water – Sewerage – Infrastructure Information System)

  • Reuse of Water with Innovative Waste Water Treatment Technologies

Waste water, which is treated in treatment plants, is used for agricultural irrigation, park and garden irrigation purposes. Konya Purple Network Project is an example.

  • Waste Collection on Time

The collection time of the garbage and the route of the garbage trucks can be optimized according to the amount of garbage accumulated in the containers through the sensors placed in the containers. Bolu Intelligent Waste Collection System and Konya Waste Scada System are examples.

  • Environmental Control Center

A center, where transportation from the point where the waste is produced to the point where the waste is destroyed, and vehicles of excavation, municipal waste, medical waste, industrial waste, marine wastes and similar wastes are managed. For example, the Istanbul Environmental Control Center.

  • Smart Waste Sortation and Disposal

Sensor-based sortation and disposal of waste without any human intervention. Mersin Solid Waste Regular Storage and Disposal Facilities are an example of this application.

  • Vertical Agriculture

Landless agricultural applications, that appear as a result of reduction in land due to urbanization.

  • High Green Area Ratio

Continuous green field works in the city to increase the amount of green space per capita. Examples: Green Line Smart Irrigation System used in Istanbul Ecological Pedestrian Road and Kayseri Light Rail Transportation System.

  • Renewable Energy Applications

Using renewable energy sources such as wind tribunes and solar energy panels instead of fossil fuels. For example, Antalya Arena, Büyükçekmece Lake Floating Power Plant.

  • Smart Recharging Systems

A system that finds the most suitable time for recharging the machines. Coffee makers, toilet towel dispensers are examples.

  • Smart Lighting

Energy consumption can be tracked and optimized by integrating smart applications into existing infrastructure. The use of LEDs in lighting is an effort to save energy. Kayseri Smart Lighting is an example.

  • Power Generation from Solid Waste

The process of collecting waste and generating energy in landfills. For example, The Konya Solid Waste Plant produces electricity from methane gas.

  • Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage (STES)

In the summer months, the excess heat generated is stored underground and converted into heat in the winter and pumped back to save energy.   One example is the storage and reuse of excess heat in office buildings.

  • Use of Excess Heat (Heat Generated During Waste Conversion, Heat Generated at Data Centers, etc.)

The heat generated in the plants is used to save energy. For example, heat generated in Data Centers can be used as hot water for surrounding greenhouses.

CHALLENGES


  • High initial investment costs
  • Higher unit prices of technological products to be used
  • High operating and maintenance costs
  • Lack of competent human resources
  • Need to upgrade hardware in order to make the existing infrastructure smarter
  • The existing infrastructure is old
  • Inadequacy of regulations
  • Lack of city-based policy
  • Technical restrictions
  • Low interoperability in a multi-vendor environment
  • Low interoperability of systems
  • Security and privacy concerns
  • Cyber ​​security threats