There are indices in the world that allow evaluating different cities together independently of countries and using maturity assessment models related to smart cities. Examples of these are ITU Smart and Sustainable Cities Building Model, UNECE-ITU Smart and Sustainable City Indicators, Morgenstadt Framework Model, Smart Cities Council, European Union – European Smart City Ranking Model for Medium-Sized Cities, European Commission – Cultural and Creative City Monitoring Model. PAS 181 and ISO 37120 are international standards in the field of smart cities.
In this direction, the Smart City Maturity Evaluation Model was created in order to systematically guide smart city studies in Türkiye, and it was ensured that the model was specific to Türkiye in a structure suitable for the country’s conditions. The Model created is also compatible with the current policies of the country and takes into account the resources and experiences related to international examples.
In the process of determining the Smart City Maturity Assessment Model structure, mainly ISO 37120, PAS 181, Morgenstadt Framework Model, and ITU Smart and Sustainable Cities Building Model resources were used. Similar to the key action areas in the Morgenstadt Framework Model, the Activity Area dimension has been defined to represent the whole of the activities carried out regarding the Smart City transformation. In addition to the size of the activity area included in the model, status and impact display through performance indicators has been adopted in order to reveal the current state of the city and the effect to be obtained as a result of the activities carried out. In the Morgenstadt Framework Model, an evaluation and demonstration are made by establishing relationships with key fields of activity through performance indicators. Pressure, situation, and impact classes are used in the classification for performance indicators. It was deemed appropriate to add condition and impact classes from the indicator classification structure in Morgenstadt to the model.
In this direction, the Smart City Maturity Evaluation Model was created in the form of displaying the smart city transformation through status indicators, readiness in the fields of activity in competence-component-ability breakdown, and displaying the impact of smart city studies on the city through impact indicators:
General Structure of the Smart City Maturity Assessment Model
The terminology expressed in the general structure of the Smart City Maturity Assessment Model is as follows:
In the Smart City Maturity Evaluation Model, components and capabilities have been determined under competencies as a structure in the scope of activity. Capability is the skills that cities will need/need or acquire/will acquire through smart city studies in order to carry out smart city studies for a specific purpose. Components are groups of capabilities that serve the same value. Competence, on the other hand, is a group consisting of components on the basis of sectoral, expertise, or service areas. Each competency in the field of smart cities is a whole in itself and can be considered separately in the evaluations.
The competencies and components to be used for the cities to be evaluated in the field of smart cities are defined as follows within the scope of the Smart City Maturity Assessment Model:
Smart City Maturity Assessment Model Competencies – Overview
Smart City Applications Competence
The components and capabilities determined in the sectoral and expertise breakdown within the scope of Smart City Applications Competence are shown below.
<p style=”text-align: center;”>Smart City Maturity Assessment Model – Smart City Applications Competence </p>
Pilot Application of the ‘Smart City Maturity Assessment Model’
Pilot studies were conducted in Istanbul-Beyoğlu and Konya-Selçuklu Districts within the scope of the Smart City Maturity Evaluation Model. Interviews were held with representatives of local stakeholder institutions within the framework of smart city components. By evaluating the measurement results in the prepared reports, solution suggestions were developed together.