DEFINITION


The use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in Smart City concept; it is confronted as a multi-sectoral interactive platform that aims to collect, manage, valuate, analyze and visualize data.

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MOTIVATIONS


  • Independent access to the municipality and its services
  • Standard and everyone equal service
  • Establishing geographical based inventory of infrastructure and superstructure assets
  • Optimization of infrastructure Works
  • Analysis of Impact-Value of Urban Services
  • Monitoring of Critical Infrastructures
  • City Information Systems
  • Urban Planning
  • Pre- and Post-Disaster Situation Detection

APPLICATIONS


  • Cost (Time-Distance) Effective Route Planning

It is the process of determining the most appropriate route from one point to another within the geographical area of interest. Google Maps, Bing, Yandex, etc. browser applications create one example.

  • Scada System

Consultative Control and Data Collection System or “Remote Control and Monitoring System”. It is the general name of a system that can be controlled from computers, communication devices, sensors or other devices. There are two kinds of scada systems; energy scadas (electricity-water-natural gas) and process scadas (factory-plant automation). KOSKİ Automation Branch Directorate, Drinking-Water Supply and Distribution Systems are examples to SCADA systems.

  • Infrastructure Inventory Database

It refers to the database prepared by GIS infrastructure of urban infrastructure services such as drinking water, wastewater, rain water, electricity, telecommunication. For example, ISKABIS – ISKI Infrastructure Information Systems can be given.

  • Indoor Mapping Systems

Systems that determine the location of people and objects inside buildings by closing the opening of GPS signals that are inadequate in indoor areas are called Internal Positioning System. Mapwize, Indoora, InMapper, Google Indoor Maps are some of the examples.

  • Location Selection Analysis

Location selection analysis is a system aiming to have accurate and effective location based on given criteria and weights. For example, the Ministry of Health 112 Emergency Station Centers location project can be shown.

  • Urban Growth Prediction

It is a method of estimating the temporal spatial changes such as speed, intensity and land use pattern of the urbanization by taking the urban dynamics into consideration. Denizli, Analysis of Variables Directing Urban Growth is an example of these studies.

  • Impact – Value Simulation of Urban Services

It is the study of the possible environmental and economic effects of urban infrastructure facilities in the GIS environment. Virtual Singapore – 3D Twin City Model is an example of this work.

  • Pre / Post Disaster Situation Detection

It includes disaster scenarios, disaster management systems and analysis, post-disaster image change analysis, and GIS-based solutions for situational and resource allocation. For example; AFAD – AYDES Integrated Disaster Management Decision Support System Project.

  • Potential Criminal Analysis

It is the transfer of the information needed on the map or sketch through GIS technology in order to study the nature, size and development of events related to crime and crime offenses occurring in specific geographical areas. This kind of analysis work is done with different computer programs in today’s conditions and it is processed on the graphics and maps on the generated programs. This type of analysis is to deploy the general purpose teamwork of the studies and the most efficient staff. This kind of application is used by the Department of Criminal Investigation, Directorate of Public Security, Branch Office.

  • Coverage Analysis for Security

It refers to the positional representation in 2 and 3 dimensions of the security equipment, such as a mobile camera. It provides solutions on where to deploy the minimum number of equipment required for the representation area. Coverage Analysis and Frequency Planning Solutions are examples of this.

  • City Information Systems

They are location-based applications aimed at gathering, relating and managing information in a database on a wide scale ranging from the geographical features of a city to the infrastructure systems, socio-economic qualities of the citizens, and income-expenditure systems. An example is the Kayseri City Information System.

  • Location Based Mobile Applications

Refers to spatial services where spatial queries are triggered by users or are automatically performed by the application at regular intervals. Location-based applications such as Changify, Yandex Traffic, and FourSquare create one example.

CHALLENGES


  • Institutional and collaboration difficulties
  • Problems in accessing spatial data
  • Interoperability of systems
  • Insufficient financial resource